Minnesota Cattle

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Crossbreeding offers two primary advantages: heterosis (also called hybrid vigor) and the opportunity for breed complementarity. When the performance of crossbred offspring exceeds the performance of the purebred parents, the difference is called heterosis. In other words, the whole can be greater than the sum of the parts. For instance, if straightbred Hereford and Angus calves average 500 pounds at weaning and Hereford x Angus calves average 525 pounds, the heterosis realized is (525-500)/500, or 5 percent. Maximizing Heterosis Realization of heterosis is the closest thing to a free lunch that can be found in the cattle business. Thus, all commercial beef cattle producers should seek to maximize heterosis in their herds. Some crossbreeding systems offer a greater degree of heterosis than others, and some traits respond more to crossbreeding than others. Heterosis is realized in inverse proportion to heritability for a given trait. In other words, lowly heritable traits offer the most heterosis, highly heritable traits the least. Table 1 lists beef cattle traits of economic importance and their heritability estimates. In general, reproductive traits are lowly heritable, growth traits are moderate and carcass traits are highly heritable. Thus, differences in reproductive performance between herds are virtually all due to environment and management, while differences in growth or carcass traits are due primarily to genetics. Also, reproductive traits will respond the most to crossbreeding, carcass traits the least. Read more...


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EPDS PROVIDE THE MOST ACCURATE SELECTION METHOD
Selecting beef cattle based on expected progeny difference (EPD) values provides the most accurate selection method currently available to beef producers for economically important traits.

WILL IONOPHORES BE AFFECTED BY REGULATION CHANGES?
An ionophore is a feed additive used in beef cattle rations to improve feed efficiency and animal gains.
CIRCLE A ANGUS HOSTS 10TH ANNUAL FALL SALE
Circle A Angus Ranch, headquartered in Iberia, Mo., was proud to host their 10th Annual Fall Bull & Heifer sale offering 309 head sold on October 15th. The bleachers were full of potential buyers vying for the opportunity to own elite genetics backed by great service by bidding on the 109 bulls, and 200 bred heifers.
DON'T GUESS AT ACRONYMS USED IN BEEF CATTLE BUSINESS
Many acronyms are used in the beef cattle industry. Knowing exactly what they represent instead of guessing can be important.
DOGUET'S DIAMOND D BRANGUS SALE HELD OCTOBER 15
A warm fall day greeted a standing room only crowd of Brangus enthusiasts from five states gathered at Poteet, Texas, for Doguet's Diamond D Sale of Proven Producers.
HUNTIN' DAYLIGHT -- ADDING OPPORTUNITY AND RISK WITHOUT WEIGHT
“When feeder cattle markets are in balance, prices for lighter-weight feeder cattle adjust to account for the cost of gain to put the additional weight on those cattle such that feedlots are relatively indifferent to buying feeder cattle of various weights,” says Derrell Peel, Extension livestock marketing specialist at Oklahoma State University, in his weekly market comments the first week of November.
BULL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT ARE IMPORTANT
In many purebred operations, bull sales make up a significant portion of their cash flow. Therefore, bull growth and development is very important to the overall success of their operation. Many cattlemen who produce bulls spend a great amount of time on the genetics they use and their breeding operation. Remember that this genetic potential can never be realized if these animals are not fed and managed properly.
IT'S THE PITTS -- AN APP FOR THAT
Here are ten smartphone apps that we desperately need some geek to create:
SOUTHERN CONNECTION CHAROLAIS SALE AVERAGES $2,765
The Southern Connection Charolais Sale was held October 19, 2016 in Calhoun, Ga.
REPLACEMENTS SHOULD BE HELD TO HIGH STANDARDS
As autumn makes its debut across the Empire State of the South, many spring-calving operations have been, or are in the process of, weaning; and in a few months, producers will be sorting through females and deciding which ladies get a job offer and which get shown the door.
BLACK INK -- LIMITS? WHAT LIMITS?
Your cows may be held in by fences, but there are few limits on where you go or what you can do with the herd. Perceived barriers these days are just untested assumptions where imagination and technology are opening new gates.
BE SELECTIVE WHEN CHOOSING REPLACEMENT FEMALES
Spiraling cattle prices in recent weeks are not leaving much wiggle room when it comes to marketing calves and replacement females to fit current trends, according to cattle experts.
BE AWARE OF THE PROS AND CONS OF USING DARTS IN CATTLE
Darts - also known as remote drug delivery devices or RDD devices - are frequently used in wildlife to tranquilize animals for research, or when a wild animal strays into a populated area such as a city or neighborhood. They are also gaining popularity among beef stocker growers who have cattle on extensive grazing.
TOWN CREEK FARM BRANGUS BULLS AVERAGE $4,435
Cattlemen from the southern U.S. resoundingly endorsed the value of the Town Creek Farm genetic program at the Town Creek Farm Sale, Saturday, October 15, 2016, near West Point, Miss.
IT'S THE PITTS -- BULLISH
For years purebred bull breeders didn't get paid what they deserved for making such a big investment in better genetics, so I'm glad to see them finally getting paid handsomely for their better bulls.

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