Minnesota Cattle

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Crossbreeding offers two primary advantages: heterosis (also called hybrid vigor) and the opportunity for breed complementarity. When the performance of crossbred offspring exceeds the performance of the purebred parents, the difference is called heterosis. In other words, the whole can be greater than the sum of the parts. For instance, if straightbred Hereford and Angus calves average 500 pounds at weaning and Hereford x Angus calves average 525 pounds, the heterosis realized is (525-500)/500, or 5 percent. Maximizing Heterosis Realization of heterosis is the closest thing to a free lunch that can be found in the cattle business. Thus, all commercial beef cattle producers should seek to maximize heterosis in their herds. Some crossbreeding systems offer a greater degree of heterosis than others, and some traits respond more to crossbreeding than others. Heterosis is realized in inverse proportion to heritability for a given trait. In other words, lowly heritable traits offer the most heterosis, highly heritable traits the least. Table 1 lists beef cattle traits of economic importance and their heritability estimates. In general, reproductive traits are lowly heritable, growth traits are moderate and carcass traits are highly heritable. Thus, differences in reproductive performance between herds are virtually all due to environment and management, while differences in growth or carcass traits are due primarily to genetics. Also, reproductive traits will respond the most to crossbreeding, carcass traits the least. Read more...


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CONSUMER TRENDS HEADLINE BIF CONFERENCE
“The prosperity of this entire industry lies with the consumer.” Ag economist Ted Schroeder made that statement during the recent Beef Improvement Federation meetings in Manhattan, Kan., June 15-17, but it summed up the theme of the opening session.
WINNER NAMED IN LMA AUCTIONEER CHAMPIONSHIP
Andy White, Ashland, Ohio, proved his world-class talent as a livestock auctioneer at the 53rd anniversary of Livestock Marketing Association's (LMA) World Livestock Auctioneer Championship (WLAC). Paris Stockyards in Paris, Ky. hosted the contest on Saturday, June 18.
TAKE STEPS TO MANAGE EFFECTS OF SUMMER HEAT
As we approach the heat of the summer months, many producers are battling the heat and humidity that is an integral part of life in the south. Summer brings with it rising temperatures and typically decreasing animal performance.
GENETRUST@CAVENDER'S NECHES RIVER RANCH SALE HELD
Green grass, blue skies and good cattle greeted buyers and bidders alike at the beautiful Neches River Ranch west of Jacksonville, Texas on April 23, 2016 for the annual spring GENETRUST Registered and Commercial Brangus Female Sale hosted by Cavender Ranches.
IT'S THE PITTS -- HUH?
In the May 30 edition of the Auction Exchange there was an ad celebrating the Midwest Auctioneer Roundup contest in Shipshewana, Indiana. There were pictures of the winners, contestants and one precious little three or four year old girl with her hands covering her ears.
DEVELOPING REPLACEMENTS FROM HERD TAKES DEDICATION
Maintenance and development of a quality purebred cow herd requires selection of proper genetics and an ongoing input of new breeding females. One of the most important questions the producer must ask is: “do I buy my replacements or do I develop them from within my own herd?”
HUNTIN' DAYLIGHT -- COST, COST, COST
At the risk of sounding like the proverbial busted record, while revenue matters to the fortunes of cow-calf operations, cost matters more.
CRIMSON CLASSIC SALE AVERAGES $4,015
The Crimson Classic Santa Gertrudis Sale was held April 30, 2016 in Cullman, Ala.
FOUNDATION WILL FUND ABBA YOUTH IN 2016
At the December 17, 2015 meeting the Brahman Foundation Board agreed to distribute funds to expand opportunities for Brahman youth. In an effort to support youth programs and developing leaders in agriculture, the group allocated $30,000 for use in scholarships, educational opportunities, showmanship and more for the year 2016.
E6 & REGISTERED BEEFMASTER REPLACEMENT FEMALE SALE HELD
The E6 and Registered Beefmaster Replacement Female Sale was held April 24, 2016 in Columbus, Texas.
HUNTIN' DAYLIGHT -- ADDING CALF VALUE
“In times of declining cow-calf margins, it is important for producers to evaluate opportunities to enhance calf value while simultaneously managing cost of production,” says Derrell Peel, Extension livestock marketing specialist at Oklahoma State University, in his early-June market comments. Peel uses a variety of surveys and studies to underscore his point.
IT'S THE PITTS -- MY LAST MEAL
Have you ever thought about what you'd like to eat for your last meal?
BRAHMAN "ALL AMERICAN" TO BE HELD IN LOUISIANA
Every year, members of the American Junior Brahman Association gather to compete in a variety of contests, showcasing their skills and their cattle. This year, 250 members from nine states will show off their more than 650 entries. The All American will be held in West Monroe, La., at the Ike Hamilton Expo Center, July 4-9, 2016.
TOOLS ARE AVAILABLE TO IMPROVE FORAGE DIGESTION
At the cow/calf and stocker cattle level, production systems are generally built on forage production, pastures, hay, etc. For these operations forages provide the bulk of the nutrients needed for the animals. In many cases because of inadequate management or simply uncooperative weather patterns, forage quality is not suitable for the pasture and hays to maintain the type of digestibility needed for the animal to extract the needed nutrients.
OCHSNER TO JOIN RED ANGUS TEAM
Red Angus Association of America CEO Tom Brink announced that Katie Ochsner, a native of Torrington, Wyoming, has been hired as a commercial marketing specialist.

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