Minnesota Cattle

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Crossbreeding offers two primary advantages: heterosis (also called hybrid vigor) and the opportunity for breed complementarity. When the performance of crossbred offspring exceeds the performance of the purebred parents, the difference is called heterosis. In other words, the whole can be greater than the sum of the parts. For instance, if straightbred Hereford and Angus calves average 500 pounds at weaning and Hereford x Angus calves average 525 pounds, the heterosis realized is (525-500)/500, or 5 percent. Maximizing Heterosis Realization of heterosis is the closest thing to a free lunch that can be found in the cattle business. Thus, all commercial beef cattle producers should seek to maximize heterosis in their herds. Some crossbreeding systems offer a greater degree of heterosis than others, and some traits respond more to crossbreeding than others. Heterosis is realized in inverse proportion to heritability for a given trait. In other words, lowly heritable traits offer the most heterosis, highly heritable traits the least. Table 1 lists beef cattle traits of economic importance and their heritability estimates. In general, reproductive traits are lowly heritable, growth traits are moderate and carcass traits are highly heritable. Thus, differences in reproductive performance between herds are virtually all due to environment and management, while differences in growth or carcass traits are due primarily to genetics. Also, reproductive traits will respond the most to crossbreeding, carcass traits the least. Read more...


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THE WORLD ACCORDING TO HOOTER MCCORMICK -- DIFFERENT STRIPES
Hooter was feeling lucky. He bought the set of calves because they were cheap enough, and he had some wheat pasture for them. But being able to sell them into an up market with solid gain as the grazing ran thin was more chance than plan. He knew that, but he also couldn't help feeling just a tiny bit proud.
A.I. CAN CATAPULT BEEF BREEDING PROGRAMS FORWARD
The first use of artificial insemination was accomplished by Arab Sheiks who wanted to utilize bloodlines of tribal enemies. They would sneak up to the other tribe's herd at night with a mare in heat secretly collect semen from the stallion into a leather pouch and take it back to their own camp to inseminate a prize mare.
PRODUCERS CAN MAXIMIZE PREGNANCY RATES USING A.I.
Artificial insemination (AI) offers cattle producers the opportunity to use semen from high-accuracy, genetically superior sires at a fraction of the cost of purchasing a herd bull with similar genetics.
IT'S THE PITTS -- IDENTITY CRISES
There are many pros and cons of being me. The pros are I have a wonderful wife and a wonderful life, while my biggest cons are a sickly body and a terrible name.
MAKE SURE BULLS ARE READY BEFORE BREEDING SEASON
It's always a good idea to have a breeding soundness evaluation and semen check for any bull you plan to use—not only for bulls you purchase, but also the bulls you kept over from last year.
WATCH FOR SIGNS OF NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES
As cattle producers one of our main tasks in day-to-day and overall management is providing for the nutritional requirements of the herd.
SALACOA VALLEY HOSTS TWO DAY SALE EVENT
Unseasonably warm temperatures and dry weather didn't dampen the enthusiasm of 142 registered buyers from nine US States, Mexico and Australia who gathered at Salacoa Valley Farms, Fairmount, Ga.
INTEREST IN LEGEND LESPEDEZA CONTINUES TO GROW
Predictions swirling around for 2017 include very little improvement for beef prices and the possibility of some extended drought conditions in some regions. That means that every serious manager facing this possible scenario had better be looking for ways to manage on both sides of the ledger.
BLACK INK -- THE PAYOFF FROM PROGRESS
There's always something more to do. After the holidays, things will slow down. Nah, maybe after calving, branding and breeding. But then, summer comes and there's all that hay to make when the sun is shining, fences to build and cedars to eliminate (or insert your own region-specific fair-weather task).
IT'S THE PITTS -- GYPSIES, TRAMPS AND BEEVES
I get my news from paperview. I read the newspaper. I don't watch much television and have found that your average security camera monitor is more entertaining than TV.
HUNTIN DAYLIGHT -- PAST TIME FOR A UNIFIED INDUSTRY VOICE
Ignoring extremist animal rights groups in the hopes of dousing the flames of controversy might have seemed logical in the beginning. Limping along without having to commit more scarce resources to the fight might have seemed necessary. Now, these notions seem less quaint than downright destructive.
MANAGEMENT OF YEARLING BULLS IMPORTANT TO HERD
With the spring sale season on the horizon, it is time we dedicate a little discussion to bull management.
PRODUCERS SHOULD FOCUS ON IMPROVING PROTEIN NUTRITION
One of the most common topics discussed when feeding pasture and breeding cattle is protein. Producers are concerned with crude protein in their hays, pastures, supplements and so on.
FRIENDSHIP FARMS SALE AVERAGES $4,010 ON 83 LOTS
The Friendship Farms Fall Bull Sale was held October 28, 2016 in Canoochee, Ga.
GENETRUST AT CHIMNEY ROCK HELD NOVEMBER 4-5
The GENETRUST @ Chimney Rock is an annual highlight of the Brangus breed, producing more chart topping A.I. sires than any other sale in the breed and the deepest offering of registered females anywhere, and 2016 was no exception.

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