Minnesota Cattle

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Crossbreeding offers two primary advantages: heterosis (also called hybrid vigor) and the opportunity for breed complementarity. When the performance of crossbred offspring exceeds the performance of the purebred parents, the difference is called heterosis. In other words, the whole can be greater than the sum of the parts. For instance, if straightbred Hereford and Angus calves average 500 pounds at weaning and Hereford x Angus calves average 525 pounds, the heterosis realized is (525-500)/500, or 5 percent. Maximizing Heterosis Realization of heterosis is the closest thing to a free lunch that can be found in the cattle business. Thus, all commercial beef cattle producers should seek to maximize heterosis in their herds. Some crossbreeding systems offer a greater degree of heterosis than others, and some traits respond more to crossbreeding than others. Heterosis is realized in inverse proportion to heritability for a given trait. In other words, lowly heritable traits offer the most heterosis, highly heritable traits the least. Table 1 lists beef cattle traits of economic importance and their heritability estimates. In general, reproductive traits are lowly heritable, growth traits are moderate and carcass traits are highly heritable. Thus, differences in reproductive performance between herds are virtually all due to environment and management, while differences in growth or carcass traits are due primarily to genetics. Also, reproductive traits will respond the most to crossbreeding, carcass traits the least. Read more...


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BEEF CATTLE SHORT COURSE HELD AUGUST 1-3
After two years of historic high cattle prices, a record 1,900 producers attending the Texas A&M Beef Cattle Short Course in College Station learned more about the current decline in prices and maintaining profitability despite declining profit margins.
HUNTIN' DAYLIGHT -- THE FUTURE OF CATTLE FUTURES
“It is almost certain that finished cattle have put in their summer lows as prices have found support,” explained Andrew P. Griffith, agricultural economist at the University of Tennessee.
IT'S THE PITTS -- 10 PLACES NOT TO FIND A COWBOY
If you want to catch a glimpse of a real cowboy here are ten places NOT to look.
SOUND MARKETING PROGRAM IS CRITICAL FOR SUCCESS
A sound marketing program is an integral part of any cattle production operation. Too many producers engage in cattle production without ever establishing a well thought out marketing and sales system.
ETHEREDGE ELECTED LIVESTOCK MARKETING ASSOCIATION PRESIDENT
Jerry Etheredge, Montgomery, Ala., was elected president of the Livestock Marketing Association (LMA). In this role, Etheredge will complete a two-year term leading the nation's largest livestock marketing trade association that represents more than 800 local livestock auction markets and allied businesses.
PRECONDITIONING VITAL PART OF CALF HEALTH PROGRAM
If you have sold a calf recently, I don't have to tell you that calf prices have dropped significantly from 2015. Last year, you could sell about anything and get good money for it; but now, you have to have a good calf to bring the best price. In the right market, preconditioned calves still bring the most money, and there is a good return on healthy calves. Besides a health premium, farmers also sell a heavier calf.
CONSUMER TRENDS HEADLINE BIF CONFERENCE
“The prosperity of this entire industry lies with the consumer.” Ag economist Ted Schroeder made that statement during the recent Beef Improvement Federation meetings in Manhattan, Kan., June 15-17, but it summed up the theme of the opening session.
WINNER NAMED IN LMA AUCTIONEER CHAMPIONSHIP
Andy White, Ashland, Ohio, proved his world-class talent as a livestock auctioneer at the 53rd anniversary of Livestock Marketing Association's (LMA) World Livestock Auctioneer Championship (WLAC). Paris Stockyards in Paris, Ky. hosted the contest on Saturday, June 18.
TAKE STEPS TO MANAGE EFFECTS OF SUMMER HEAT
As we approach the heat of the summer months, many producers are battling the heat and humidity that is an integral part of life in the south. Summer brings with it rising temperatures and typically decreasing animal performance.
GENETRUST@CAVENDER'S NECHES RIVER RANCH SALE HELD
Green grass, blue skies and good cattle greeted buyers and bidders alike at the beautiful Neches River Ranch west of Jacksonville, Texas on April 23, 2016 for the annual spring GENETRUST Registered and Commercial Brangus Female Sale hosted by Cavender Ranches.
IT'S THE PITTS -- HUH?
In the May 30 edition of the Auction Exchange there was an ad celebrating the Midwest Auctioneer Roundup contest in Shipshewana, Indiana. There were pictures of the winners, contestants and one precious little three or four year old girl with her hands covering her ears.
DEVELOPING REPLACEMENTS FROM HERD TAKES DEDICATION
Maintenance and development of a quality purebred cow herd requires selection of proper genetics and an ongoing input of new breeding females. One of the most important questions the producer must ask is: “do I buy my replacements or do I develop them from within my own herd?”
HUNTIN' DAYLIGHT -- COST, COST, COST
At the risk of sounding like the proverbial busted record, while revenue matters to the fortunes of cow-calf operations, cost matters more.
CRIMSON CLASSIC SALE AVERAGES $4,015
The Crimson Classic Santa Gertrudis Sale was held April 30, 2016 in Cullman, Ala.
FOUNDATION WILL FUND ABBA YOUTH IN 2016
At the December 17, 2015 meeting the Brahman Foundation Board agreed to distribute funds to expand opportunities for Brahman youth. In an effort to support youth programs and developing leaders in agriculture, the group allocated $30,000 for use in scholarships, educational opportunities, showmanship and more for the year 2016.

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